Bamboo List

Phyllostachys nigra – Black Bamboo

  • English Name: Black Bamboo
  • Japanese Name: Kurochiku
  • Max Height: 55 Feet (17 m) Max Diameter: 3.25 inches (8.3 cm)
  • Minimum Temp: 0°F (-18°C)
  • Light Exposure: Full sun – partial shade
  • Rhizome System: Running (leptomorph) Notes: Phyllostachys nigra is one of the most popular choices of ornamental bamboo in both the United States and Asia. The culms start out green in color, eventually becoming completely black. The dark culms contrast with the light green leaves, making this species especially eye catching in the garden. It typically takes 2-3 years for the culms to take on this jet black color. The progression from green to black usually starts at the nodal ridge, eventually working its way to the center of the internode. The culms are somewhat thin, and have a tendency to arch or bend outward when growing. It is native to China, and is believed to be the first bamboo introduced into the United Kingdom. (Courtesy of:

Black Bamboo

Bambusa ventricosa – Buddha’s Belly Bamboo

  • English Name: Buddha’s Belly, Swollen Stemmed Bamboo
  • Synonym: Bambusa tuldoides ‘Ventricosa’
  • Japanese Name: Butto chiku
  • Chinese Name: 佛肚竹
  • Max Height: 55 Feet (17 m)
  • Max Diameter: 2.25 inches (6 cm)
  • Minimum Temp: 15°F (-9°C)
  • Light Exposure: Full sun
  • Rhizome System: Clumping (pachymorph)
  • Brief: Bambusa ventricosa most notable for its unique culm growth when containerized in stressed conditions. The culms will bulge and swell, giving it the name “Buddha’s Belly”. It is native to China. It is most commonly used as an ornamental bamboo in gardens.
  • Physical Appearance: Under normal conditions, Bambusa ventricosa will exhibit normal culm growth behavior, although the The culms range from a green-yellow to green in color. When potted, and lacking water and nutrients, the bamboo becomes a dwarf. The internodes will swell up and bulge out from the middle. This makes Buddha’s belly a popular choice as a potted ornamental bamboo in gardens.
  • Habitat and Location: Native to southern China, this bamboo is found primarily in tropical regions.
  • Common Uses: Not used for commercial or industrial purposes. Commonly used as a ornamental potted plant in gardens or a specialty landscape plant, or bonsai.
  • Culinary Uses: Little is known about the quality of the shoots for culinary uses. There are several unverified reports of the shoots having value as a food. Cultivation: Buddha’s Belly Bamboo reportedly grows well in tropical regions, and the temperature should not drop below 15°F (-9°C). Frost can quickly damage the tissue of this bamboo and should be protected from harsh winds and cold temperatures. It is a clumping bamboo and non-invasive. For best results, plant this bamboo in the spring to allow plenty of time for the root system to become established. (Courtesy of:

Buddha’s Belly

Giant Bamboo

  • Scientific Name: Dendrocalamus asper
  • Origin: South-East Asia
  • Uses: House and bridge construction; medicinal
  • Propagation: Branch cuttings
  • Rhizome Type: Clump-forming or sympodial
  • Culms: 20-30 m tall and 8-20 cm diameter
  • Largest sized bamboo specie.

Giant Bamboo


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